The United States Department of Education’s (USDE) LEA and School Improvement Non-Regulatory Guidance defines restructuring as the process wherein “the LEA undertakes a major reorganization of a school, making fundamental reforms, such as significant changes in the school’s staffing and governance. The purpose of restructuring is to improve student academic achievement and enable the school to make AYP as defined by the State’s accountability system.” The New Jersey Department of Education (NJDOE) requires that districts select one of the following restructuring options for their Title I schools in need of improvement in Year 5 − Planning for Restructuring:
- Implement any major restructuring of the school’s governance that is consistent with the principles of restructuring as set forth in the No Child Left Behind Act.
- Re-open the school as a public charter school as defined by and consistent with state statute and regulation (N.J.S.A. 18A:36A-1 et seq. and N.J.A.C. 6A).
- Replace all or most of the school staff, which may include the principal, who are relevant to the school’s inability to make adequate progress (consistent with existing contractual provisions and applicable statutory protections in Title 18A).